On the southwest of the Nizhny Novgorod Region, 182 km from Nizhny Novgorod, is the historical center of iron forging, the town of Vyksa.
On the west, the Vyksa district neighbors the Vladimir region, on the south – the Republic of Mordovia. Vyksa is also located on the route from Moscow to Diveyevo.
The beautiful town of Vyksa is surrounded with a primeval forest and a necklace of ponds. Its history starts at the beginning of the 18th century. In Vyksa, the poetry of legends co-inhabits the reality of modern industrial life.
The name of “Vyksa” was coined from the Finno-Ugrian word “Vyksun”, meaning “a flow, a river between two ponds”. This name belonged to the left tributary to the Zheleznitsa River. Historically, the town played an important role in the development of metalworking in Russia. In the 18th century, more than ten plants were set up here. This caused Vyksa get the leading position in Russian foundry production. Owing to the famous Russian family of the Batashevs, Vyksa became a center of ironworks too.
It’s believed that the Vyksa area is unique because all stages of metalworking development in Russia are represented here: blast-furnaces, cupolas, open-hearth technique as well as modern electrofusion.
The town is decorated with a chain of picturesque ponds. The ponds appeared here also due to the metalworking industry. A lot of energy was required for metal smelting and production. At the time, this energy was mostly water-generated, that’s why a lot of ponds were created both in Vyksa and around the area. All of the ponds survive today and they form a unique water system that is recognized officially as a natural monument.
In the very center of Vyksa, is an old park laid out in French and English styles, modeled after well-known European parks. An old row of linden trees forms a line through the park. On the south, it ends at the Batashevy mansion (1760-1770), richly decorated with iron castings. Not far from the mansion is the Nativity Church, which was built in 1773. This is a fine example of Russian architecture in transition from baroque to classicism. Unique towers built by the Russian engineer V.G. Shukhov are among the industrial monuments in Vyksa.
In Vyksa is the 2-3 star hotel complex “Business Club” which include Russian cuisine restaurants and banyas (Russian steam saunas). Air-cushion vehicles or a motor boats can also rented here.
Welcome to Vyksa – a major Russian industrial center that carefully upholds its rich industrial traditions!