The Sharanga district is situated in the northwest of the Nizhny Novgorod region, 278 km from Nizhny Novgorod. The name “Sharanga” comes from the name of the Sharanga river (the left-bank tributary of the Vetluga river) and the name of the river, in turn, comes from the word “sharanga” (Mari), which means “roach”, “ablet”. Territorially, the Sharanga district was a part of the Vyatka region, whose indigenous population was presented by tribes of the Ugro-Finnic ethnic branch (Mari, Udmurt, Komi). Later, these lands began to be actively inhabited by Russian tribes. Gradually mixing with the alien Russian population, most Maris became Russified. The district had several times been attributed to the Kirov region, and only in the 1960s, it finally became a part of the Nizhny Novgorod region.
The exhibits of the district museum took their places in permanent exhibitions devoted to the history and nature of the area; daily life and culture of Mari peasants; ethnography and folk crafts; fate of the district during the Great Patriotic War; place and role of the district in the history of the country; and both ordinary working people and prominent figures of the Sharanga land.
Sharanga is sometimes called the “northern pearl” of the region. The area is known for its many rivers teem with various kinds of fish. It promotes the development of fishing in the area. Beautiful forests, bright fields, crystal clear springs and gentle greenery of birches — all this makes the Sharanga area located in the northwest of the Nizhny Novgorod region very attractive.