In the 15th century Nizhny Novgorod was the capital of the Nizhny Novgorod–Suzdal Principality and a strong outpost at the border of the Grand Duchy of Vladimir.
Nizhny Novgorod’s most famous attraction is the Kremlin: a unique building incorporating both medieval fortification walls and towers and classic 19th century architecture. Erected as one of the finest achievements of military art of its day, it has survived numerous sieges and was never captured by an enemy. The Kremlin originally had 14 towers but only 12 have survived until present days. After a restoration in 2013 the thirteenth, Zachatyevskaya tower, has opened. In summertime one can walk along the fortification wall and admire beautiful views of the Volga river and the confluence of the Volga and the Oka.
The first cathedral in Nizhny Novgorod is The Cathedral of St. Michael the Archangel inside the Kremlin, one of the finest steepled churches of the Nizhny Novgorod area. It was first founded as a wooden church at the time of the city’s formation, and was rebuilt with stone in 1631 to commemorate the victory of the volunteer army led by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky.
One of the most famous monasteries in the Nizhny Novgorod area – the Annunciation Monastery – also began its history at the time of the city’s formation. The monastery buildings, renovated at the end of the previous century, still looks as it was in the 18th century.
The Church of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary is a wonderful example of Russian baroque architecture. It was constructed at the beginning of the 17th century by order of the famous salt manufacturing entrepreneur G.D. Stroganov. Minutely detailed decorations and the gold-plated altar screen still strike by their beauty and grandeur.
A monumental image with a touch of a medieval castle – the St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral was erected at the end of the 19th century paid for by merchant’s donations.
The Nizhny Novgorod fair building, the Old-Fair Cathedral of Our Saviors, was built after Saint Isaac’s Cathedral in Saint Petersburg as well as many rich merchants’ mansions dating from the 19th to the early 20th century remind visitors of the rich history of these local merchants.
The Nizhny Novgorod Fair became a symbol of enterprising and abundant trade. This trade center was built under the leadership of the famous European architect Agustin de Betancourt. Owing to this famous fair, the city became famous as the trade capital – “the pocket of Russia”.
Nizhny Novgorod has hosted many different “regents of our dreams”: Alexander Pushkin and Taras Shevchenko, Théophile Gautier and Alexandre Dumas, Fyodor Dostoyevsky and Vladimir Korolenko, Anton Chekhov and Alexander Blok, Julius Fučík and Theodore Dreiser, Vladimir Mayakovsky and Alexey Tolstoy. There are memorable places here related to the lives of Mily Balakirev and Boris Mokrousov, author of Dahl's Explanatory Dictionary and the brillant novels “In The Forests” and “On The Mountains”, Pavel Melnikov-Pechyorsky, genius mathematician Nikolay Lobachevsky and the creator of hydrofoil boats Rostislav Alexeyev, philosopher Pavel Florensky and human rights advocate Andrey Sakharov. Nizhny Novgorod is also the birthplace of Maxim Gorky, a writer known all over the world. The city bore Gorky’s name from 1931 until 1990.
The city has more than 60 museums and exhibition halls that can show visitors the city’s illustrious past, its activists, the life and traditions of its inhabitants.
The Historical and Architectural Museum is the largest in the Nizhny Novgorod region, comprising in total seven museums. The traditions, lifestyle and culture of the region’s people are represented at the Museum of Volga People’s Architecture & Culture located in Shelkovsky Khutor. The history of folk arts and crafts is represented at the museum located on the main pedestrian street, Bolshaya Pokrovskaya.
Museum expositions are located within some of the Kremlin towers. The Nizhny Novgorod State Art Museum is situated inside the Kremlin, in a 19th century house that had once belonged to the military governor. Its collection has more than twelve thousand works of Russian and foreign art.
The museum’s specialty is a huge collection of rare national Russian art, starting from Old Russian icons of the 19th century to the works of the late 20th century.
The Russian Intelligentsia Museum, Literature Museum of A.M.Gorky, the Memorial Museums of A.D.Sakharov, N.A. Dobrolyubov and others can show visitors the life of its famous local people: people of art, culture and science.
The Gorky Automobile Plant (GAZ) exhibits a large collection of vehicles that were produced there from the date of its opening.
The “Sokol” Plant Museum houses many unique models of MiG fighter aircraft, Yak aircraft, amphibious and air cushion boats as well as many other examples of secret Russian aircraft.
Travelers can enjoy comfortable and cozy hotels, numerous restaurants and cafés, street concerts and performances on Bolshaya Poskrovskaya or Rozhdestvenskaya streets, all located in the city center. Those who want to have a rest will be welcome in our theatres, circus, planetarium, cableway, multiplexes, cinemas, billiard rooms, bowling centers and nightclubs.
Nizhny Novgorod is always happy to host new guests.