The Nizhni Novgorod Region is located in the centre of European part of Russia, in the east of the Russian Plain in the middle reaches of the river Volga. The river divides the Region into the low Left bank area (Trans-Volga region) and the high Right bank area - continuation of Volga Upland.
The region is one of the largest ones in the Central Russia, the total area is 76,6 ths. sq.km. (about 0,45% of the territory of Russia); the length from the South-West to the North-East is over 400 km.
The Region borders on the Vladimir Region and on the Ivanovo Region in the West, on the Kostroma Region in the North-West, on the Kirov Region in the North-East, on the Mari El Republic and the Republic of Chuvashia in the East, on the Republic of Mordovia in the South-East and in the South and on the Ryazan Region in the South-West.
Moderate continental climate with long winter that lasts from the beginning of November up to the end of March is characteristic of the Region. Average temperature of January is −11 º and −13 º, in July: +18 º - + 19,5 º. Annual average amount of all the precipitations is 600-650 mm in the Trans-Volga region and 500-550 mm in the Right bank area (two thirds is rain).
The Nizhni Novgorod Region has been formed on the 14th of January 1929, the administrative centre is Nizhni Novgorod.
The region consists of 13 urban districts and 39 municipal districts, 337 settlements, including 54 urban settlements and 283 rural settlements.
The Nizhni Novgorod Region Government, led by the Governor of the Region, carries out executive power.
The Nizhni Novgorod Region Governor is Valery Pavlinovich Shantsev. On the 8th of August 2010 he has been given powers of the Nizhni Novgorod Region Governor again by the Nizhni Novgorod Region Legislative Assembly, proposed by the President of Russia.
Russian is the official language of the Region.
The Nizhni Novgorod Region, the same as the city, strikes with the amount of the cultural heritage objects: 3309, 1301 out of them are the cultural heritage objects of Federal importance. These are the monuments of architecture, history and culture. There are unique and vintage places as well. Bolshoe Boldino Village is the place in A.S. Pushkin’s biography, in the Russian literature and in our life. Svetloyar Lake, at the bottom of which there is town Kitezh in accordance with the legend. And although not everyone believes in this legend, this lake has inspired Melnikov-Pecherskiy, Rimsky-Korsakov, Roerich for their works. Chkalovsk (previously Vasileva Sloboda) is the motherland of the legendary pilot V.P. Chkalov. Exactly here and only here one can see the famous plane ANT-25. A lot of people know Seraphim-Diveyevo Convent and Makarievskiy Convent among architectural ensembles of the Region. Gorodets is the open-air museum, one can seldom see such an amount of impenetrable carving in any other city.
There are more than 300 museums in the Region.
Perhaps, our city is best known as the region of arts and crafts. It is true that there are 20 types of arts and crafts, 26 places of these arts and crafts in the Nizhni Novgorod Region - it is woodworking, metalworking, bone carving, stone carving, weaving, there “lives” pottery craft, willow weaving and etc. Khokhloma cookware that is the most popular souvenir from Russia, is being made in our Region in the city Semenov and in the village Semin, the naive art is represented by Gorodets painting, the centre of fictile art is the city Bogorodsk, they make guipure in Chkalovsk and etc. These arts and crafts not only exist separately, excursions are organised to attend many enterprises of artisanal handicraft, master classes are conducted, moreover, there are museums or exhibition halls at the factories, workshops. New museums appear (Museum of ethnography - The House of Simeon Lozhkar). Festivals of artisanal handicraft became to be conducted on a regular basis, the main ones in Gorodets, Semenov, Chkalovsk, Bogorodsk and Nizhni Novgorod.
Almost all the types of tourism are possible in the Nizhni Novgorod Region: cultural-cognitive, recreational (there are many recreation facilities on Volga, on Vetluga), religious (Seraphim-Diveyevo, Makarievskiy, Zheltovodskiy Convents), adventurous (going down the Ichkalovskie caves, going down the gypseous mine - Peshelan, rafting, fishing, hunting), event tourism (festivals).